Chalazion Surgery in London
Eyelid stye surgery
What is the difference between a stye, a hordeolum, a chalazion and meibomian cyst and how do you treat them?
A Stye is a Hordeolum
An internal stye is also known as a hordeolum and is usually a self limiting bacterial infection that affects on the glands of the eyelid. It results in a tender lump on the edge of the eyelid. The inside or the outside of the eyelid can be affected by a stye or hordeolum. The glands that become infected on the inside of the eyelid are known as the meibomian glands. The glands that become infected on the outside of the eyelid are known as the glands of Zeiss.
Often a stye will go away on its own without treatment. It is recommended to use hot flannels or warm compresses to heat up the eyelid allowing the oils in the blocked oil glands to melt. Pressure is applied to the tender stye without squeezing the skin to encourage it do discharge and heal naturally. Occasionally antibiotic ointment may be required but there is limited evidence for its use. If the stye or hordeolum becomes associated with a skin infection known as cellulitis this would require a medical option and possible the use of oral antibiotics. It is important to seek an urgent medical opinion on the rare occasion that an eyelid swelling presents with fever, sweats, blurry vision, reduced visual acuity or double vision or swelling of the eyeball.
A Meibomian cyst is a Chalazion
A chalazion is also known as a Meibomian cyst is a cyst in the eyelid with sebaceous secretion due to a blocked eyelid gland of following a stye or External Hordeolum. There are two different types of gland in the eyelid that when blocked can lead to a chalazion; a Meibomian gland or a gland of Zeiss. Like a stye a large chalazion can present with a cellulitis and inflammation of the surrounding tissue making it tender and painful requiring antibiotics. They can later settle to form a firm nodule, painless lump or painless swelling near the lid margin. In younger and older children they are common in the upper lid and lower eyelid. A recurrent chalazion in an older person may be a sign of sebaceous carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma although this is less common. Treatment of chalazia is usually the use of hot flannels to heat up the eyelid and pressure again without squeezing of the skin. Risk factors include Meibomian gland dysfunction and conservative treatment with warm compresses help treat this condition as well. It is advised to use a clean washcloth and warm water with baby shampoo may be advised although this can irritate the eye. Chronic inflammation from a skin condition known Seborrheic dermatitis or Rosacea are also risk factors.
Why is chalazion surgery done
You may consider having surgery on your chalazion if you suffer from a persistent unsightly chalazion that is not settling with hot flannel, massage treatment was will as the possible use of anti-inflammatory eye drops. Steroid injection is a treatment option but has variable results.
Surgical removal under local anesthesia and less commonly general anesthesia particularly in children is an option if you have:
A persistent chalazion that is not resolving despite treatment with warm compresses and pressure
Insurance coverage for chalazion surgery may depend on your policy. If the surgery is only to improve the cosmetic appearance to give a younger and brighter look the most likely won’t be covered by your insurance policy.
What are the risks?
Possible risks of chalazion surgery which is carried out as a day procedure where you go home on the same day include:
How you prepare
Before having chalazion surgery you will meet your oculoplastic surgeon who specialises in blepharoplasty to discuss:
It is preferable to stop taking any blood thinner medication such as aspirin, ibuprofen, warfarin, apixiban and any other medication that can cause increased bleeding during blepharoplasty surgery. Your doctor will discuss these with you to ensure that it is safe for you to do so prior to your chalazion surgery and will tell you how long before the operation.
Stoping smoking several weeks before surgery can help improve the healing after chalazion surgery.
You should arrange for someone to take you home after the procedure.
What you can expect before the procedure
What you can expect during the procedure
Your surgeon will make an incision along the under surface of the eyelid after injecting local anaesthetic, removing chalazion and allowing its contents to discharge. A patch is placed on the eyelid for 4 hours and then removed. Any scar remains on the under surface of the eyelid and should not be visible to give a natural appearance. Mr Ahmad Aziz specialises in the procedure and performs it in Central London.
What you can expect after the procedure
After surgery you are monitored for complications. You are able to leave later that day to recuperate and begin the healing at home.
After surgery you may temporarily experience:
Seek medical attention immediately if you experience any of the following: