Trichiasis Surgery in London
Treating lashes that grow inward
Trichiasis is an eyelid condition in which the eyelashes grow inward towards the eye instead of away from it, when the eyelid is in its normal position. This abnormal eyelash growth can be caused by a variety of underlying conditions, but these conditions are not referred to as trichiasis. They include:
Entropion – Epiblepharon is a fold of skin and orbicularis muscle on the lower eyelid that can override the eyelid margin and push the normal lashes against the eye, causing the lashes to rub against it. This can cause irritation and discomfort and can lead to a condition known as trichiasis, where the eyelashes grow inwards towards the eye. Treatment for epiblepharon may include surgery to remove or reposition the fold of skin, or medications to reduce inflammation.
Distichiasis – – is a condition where an extra row of eyelashes grows on the inner margin of the eyelid and rubs against the eye. This can cause irritation, redness, and discomfort, and can lead to a condition called trichiasis, where the eyelashes grow inwards towards the eye. Treatment for distichiasis may include surgery to remove the extra eyelashes, electrolysis to destroy them, or medications to reduce inflammation.
Trichiasis is a condition where eyelashes become misdirected and grow inwards towards the eye, without any of the above conditions present. Trichiasis can cause the following symptoms:
Trichiasis is caused by:
Infection – A long-term (chronic) infection such as herpes zoster eye disease can cause trichiasis. It is known that trachoma, a disease that is more widespread in developing countries, causes trichiasis.
Eyelid inflammation – Trichophytosis can develop in chronic blepharitis and is a common condition that leads to inflammation of the eyelid margin. Eyelashes become incorrectly oriented as a result of long-term inflammation.
Autoimmune conditions – Rare disorders affecting the skin and mucous membranes such as Stephen-Johnson syndrome and cicatricial pemphigus can lead to trichiasis with the transformation of eyelashes.
Injury – Burns on the eyelid in particular can lead to trichiasis and the wrong orientation of the eyelashes.
What you can expect during the procedure?
Depending on the number of growing eyelashes that cause trichophytosis and their location along the eyelid, the following procedures can be performed:
Why is trichiasis surgery done?
Ingrowing eyelashes can be plucked or epilated, providing temporary relief from the discomfort they cause. Ocular lubricants can also be used to provide some comfort, but the most effective solution is usually surgery. Surgery involves removing the ingrowing lashes and/or correcting any underlying conditions that are causing them to grow inwards. Depending on the severity of the condition, surgical procedures may involve removing excess skin and fat, levator stretching, or other treatments. Recovery time can vary depending on the procedure, but it typically takes several weeks before the eyes are fully healed.
What are the risks?
Risks of trichiasis surgery include:
To find out the most applicable risks you should talk to your doctor to understand more about trichomoniasis surgery as well as the benefits and whether it applies to you. This way you can decide with your doctor whether trichiasis surgery is a good option.
How you prepare for trichiasis surgery?
Before having trichiasis surgery, you will meet with an eye plastic surgeon like Mr. Ahmed Aziz at his London Clinic who specializes in trichiasis surgery to discuss:
Before undergoing surgery for trichophytosis, it is important to stop taking any blood-thinning drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, warfarin, apixaban, and any other drugs that can cause increased bleeding. Your doctor will provide instructions on how long to stop taking these medications before surgery. In addition, it is useful to stop smoking several weeks before surgery to improve the healing process. After the operation, you should arrange for someone to take you home and stay with you for the first night after the operation.
What you can expect before the procedure?
Trichiasis surgery is usually performed as an outpatient procedure, meaning the patient can go home the same day. Before the surgery begins, the surgeon will inject a local anesthetic into the eyelids to numb the area, and may also administer medication through an intravenous drip to help the patient relax. Once the anesthesia has taken effect, the surgeon will proceed with the surgery.
What you can expect after the procedure?
After the surgery is complete, the patient is monitored for any potential complications. Once the patient has been cleared to leave, they can go home to begin the healing process. It is important to follow the instructions given by the medical team regarding any medications or other care that may be needed for proper recovery.
After surgery you may temporarily experience
Your doctor will likely suggest you take the following steps after surgery:
Seek medical attention immediately if you experience any of the following:
What are the results of surgery?
Many patients report being satisfied with the results of trichiasis surgery, as it can lead to a more natural appearance and improved vision if the vision was affected. The effects of the surgery can typically last a lifetime, though in some cases the trichiasis may recur over time if the underlying condition that caused the trichiasis is ongoing or if the patient has only received one treatment of electrolysis.
The bruising and swelling normally settle within two weeks, resulting in a more natural look and increased confidence in being seen in public. Most patients will find that any remaining swelling has resolved within two months.
Scars from the surgery may take a few months to fully fade, but should be located within the skin crease or under the eyelashes, and should generally be well-covered. To reduce the risk of scarring, it is important to protect the eyelids from excessive sun exposure, just as you should do for the rest of your skin.